IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF LAKE BOTTOM SURFACE AND AQUATIC VEGETATION IN LAUT TAWAR LAKE, ACEH
Identification and classification of benthic habitats in Lake of Laut Tawar, Aceh by using hydro acoustic method can provide data and information on types of substrate and aquatic vegetation in a short time and wide spatial coverage, as done in the present work. Data acoustic collection was performed in 2013 using quantitative echosounder with split beam frequency of 120 kHz, and through a visual observation. The later is destined to look at the bottom types and macrophytes that lie on the line transect of acoustic survey. Analysis of data is to extract the value of bottom volume backscattering for each transect of 0.5-1 km. Classification of the bottom type was done based on the value of Sv using geospatial models. Results show the interval value of Sv for soft bottom ranged between -24.00 dB and -32.00 dB, the type of hard bottom (e.g. rocks, rocky sand substrate) ranged between -14.00 dB and -22.00 dB, whereas the Sv value of macrophyte ranged between- 45.00 dB and -54.00 dB. The percent covers were about 42.90%, 44.71% and 12.93% for hard bottom type, soft bottom and macrophytes, respectively. The types of aquatic vegetation commonly found in the lake were two genera belonging Hydrocharitaceaea and Gramineae. The current work is still lack of information on the classification of organisms into genera scales. Therefore, more signal verification and algorithms verification would be needed in order to estimate macrophytes biomass by comparing with other visual observation.
|B1801714||Koleksi Digital||Archivelago Indonesia Marine Library - Perpustakaan Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan||Available|
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